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  • Abatement

    The amount by which something is reduced.

  • Adaptation

    Process or action of adjusting to different circumstances or conditions as a result of a changing climate.

  • Adaptation assessment

    Practice of identifying adaptation options and evaluating them based on criteria such as availability, benefits, costs and effectiveness.

  • Adaptation assessment and process guidance tools

    Aid adaptation decision processes; evaluate the tool's effectiveness and efficiency, including which policy cycle stage it can be used in.

  • Adaptation data and information tools

    Emphasise tools for climate adaptation that provide data and information to users, for e.g. climate impact data.

  • Adaptation knowledge sharing tools

    Share climate adaptation-specific knowledge increasingly through Web 2.0 functionality and user-generated content.

  • Adaptation planning

    Process of formulating a scheme or programme in order to adapt to climate change

  • Albania
  • Assessment of mitigation / resource potential

    Assess broad mitigation options such as CO2 emissions reduction and renewable energy resource potentials such as wind energy.

  • Awareness raising

    Information is gathered about the key issues and potential barriers and opportunities are identified, collected and analysed.

  • Bosia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Capacity Building
  • Clean energy

    Also known as green energy or renewable energy; comes from natural and sustainable resources, such as sunlight, wind, and geothermal heat.

  • Climate Data

    Facts and statistics relating to global, national, and sub-national climates, usually gathered through study and analysis.

  • climate impacts
  • Climate Map

    Conventional map overlaid with colours representing climate zones; identifies prevailing weather patterns throughout the world or a specific region.

  • Climate Resilience

    Capacity to absorb and quickly bounce back from climate shocks and stresses.

  • Climate-Smart Adaptation

    Tackles climatic uncertainties, enhances adaptive capacity and addresses poverty and vulnerability and their structural causes.

  • Climate-Smart Development

    Tackles climatic uncertainties, enhances adaptive capacity and addresses poverty and vulnerability and their structural causes.

  • Climate-Smart Development Community-Based Adaptation
  • Community-Based Adaptation

    Approach to increasing the resilience of some of the world’s poorest communities to the impacts of climate change.

  • Cost Scenarios

    Estimated/projected costs to develop, manage and and maintain a project or programme.

  • Data and information generation tool

    Provide data and information to users, such as climate data of Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

  • decision making
  • Development

    Generally refers to the efforts of policymakers and communities to promote the standard of living and economic health in a specific area.

  • Disaster risk reduction

    Systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disasters

  • Ecosystem

    Includes all living organisms in an area as well as its physical environment functioning together as a unit

  • Emissions

    A substance, usually pollutant, emitted or discharged into the atmosphere.

  • Energy Data

    Facts, statistics or other information relating to various forms of energy, gathered through study and analysis.

  • Energy Demand

    Refers to the need for energy.

  • Energy model

    To develop energy predictions and generate sectoral and regional projections on various energy scenarios.

  • Energy price

    Price (money) for which energy is bought or sold.

  • Energy production

    Process of creating and manufacturing various types of energy, from sourcing to the sale of the end product.

  • Energy sector

    All the industries involved in the production and sale of energy.

  • Energy system

    Supply and demand of energy (both renewable and non-renewable) and the infrastructure needed to supply and use this energy.

  • Ethiopia
  • Evaluation of Policies

    Tracks, evaluates and monitors progress of selected and implemented policies.

  • Finance
  • Food security

    Access to sufficient amounts of safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and a healthy life.

  • Geographic Information System

    A system designed to capture, analyse and present all types of geographically referenced data.


  • Georgia
  • Ghana
  • GHG emissions

    Discharge of harmful gases into the atmosphere which are the main cause of the greenhouse effect.

  • GHG emissions and energy models

    Computer-based models which calculate greenhouse gas emissions and energy supply and demand.

  • GHG reduction

    Reducing the amount of harmful Green House Gas (GHG) emissions discharged into the earth's atmosphere.

  • Household Energy

    Used within the household, such as electricity, heating, and hot water.

  • Identification of options

    Assessing the consequences of potential policy options.

  • Implementation of policies

    Translation of formal policy into concrete action.

  • Indonesia
  • Information sharing

    To supply information and data to users, for example information about climate data or climate policy.

  • Kenya
  • Knowledge Network

    An extended group of people who interact via email, online and in person to share knowledge.

  • Knowledge Sharing

     Share specific knowledge with users

  • Knowledge sharing tool

    Share climate-specific knowledge with users, such as mitigation policy portals or adaptation knowledge-sharing websites

  • Kosovo
  • Land and water policies
  • Land use
  • learning
  • Livelihoods

    People’s capabilities, assets and income required to secure the necessities of life.

  • Low carbon development / technology platforms or databases

    Knowledge sharing initiative around low carbon development and technologies.

  • Low carbon growth

    Use of low carbon energies such as solar power and wind power instead of high carbon energies (fossil fuels), such as petroleum and coal.

  • Low Emission Development Strategies

    Method to effect measures that can help reduce emissions, and thereby mitigate climate change.

  • Low Emission Development Strategies Support

    Plans/methods to effect measures that can help reduce emissions, and thereby mitigate climate change.


  • Low Emissions

    Production and discharge of a small amount of atmospheric pollutants.

  • Macedonia
  • Mitigation

    Human intervention to reduce the extent of climate change, including strategies to reduce greenhouse gas sources and emissions.

  • Mitigation/Adaptation Technologies

    Such as renewable energy and drought-resistant agricultural technologies.

  • Modelling

    Represents the essential features of a (complex) problem.

  • Philippines
  • policy development
  • Policy selection

    Choose the preferred policy options, once the problem and its implications are fully understood

  • Pollution

     Harmful substance or product released into the environment or atmosphere.

  • Problem definition

    Identify potential problems and their implications.

  • Process guidance

    To help policy makers and planners to go through and complete the required steps of a process.

  • Process guidance tool

    Help users to go through a specific adaptation/mitigation process like community-based adaptation or how to conduct a Technology Needs Assessment

  • Project Design

    Gather and analyse information to support a project that makes use of available resources, to achieve the expected results.

  • Project Planning

    Relates to the use of a timeframe with defined stages and definite resources to plan and report on the project's progress.

  • Regional Climate Modelling

    A mathematical model to forecast the weather, understand the climate, and project the likely climate change of a specific geographical region.

  • Regional Climate Predictions

    Forecasts of future climate and weather patterns of a specific geographical location, based on the results of Climate Models.  

  • Renewable energy technologies

    Systems and methods of producing renewable energy including hyro, solar, wind, geothermal power and biofuels.

  • Resilience

    Ability to absorb to absorb and quickly bounce back from stresses.

  • Resource data

    Information, facts, and statistics relating to resources.

  • Risk Management

    Identification, assessment, and prioritisation of risks, followed by coordinated approaches ways to minimise and control the negative impacts.

  • Risk Screening

    Analytical process of identifying possible risks involved, known as risk indicators.

  • Scenario(s)

    An account of a projected course or situation to understand the different ways that the future might unfold.

  • Scenarios
  • Search engine

    Online portal designed to facilitate the search for information.

  • Serbia
  • Serbian-Croatian
  • Stakeholder platform

    Virtual/physical space for different stakeholders to come together to share information, needs, concerns and approaches to achieving an end goal.


  • step-based
  • Sustainability

    Ability to be supported into the future; capacity to endure.

  • Sustainable Development

    Meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • Technology

    The practical application of science to commerce of industry

  • Technology Needs Assessments

    Survey to provide data to assess the need for technology in specific areas or regions.

  • Technology Transfer

    Transfer knowledge and methods to ensure that scientific and technological developments are accessible to a wider range of users.

  • Turkey
  • User-friendly

    A term used to describe something which is clear, easy to use, and requires little or no training.

  • Uzbekistan
  • Vietnam
  • vulnerability
  • Vulnerability & Capacity Assessment

    Focuses on the local and community scale and involves participatory exercises and risk assessments; modified from the livelihoods analysis.

  • water use management policies
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